Jakarta – PT Pertamina (Persero) has just undertaken a road test for the use of biodiesel D100. What is the difference between D100 and B30?
PT Kilang Pertamina Internasional (KPI) Deputy CEO Budi Santoso Syarif said that the D100 is an abbreviation of green diesel 100 percent which is derived from 100 percent vegetable oil. But B30 is a biofuel derived from the mixture of 30 percent fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) extracted from crude palm oil (CPO) and 70 percent fossil-based diesel fuel.
The difference lies in its application, as B30 undergoes blending process in the refueling stations (SPBU) of Pertamina, while the D100 is derived from the refined, bleached and deodorized palm oil (RBDPO) which is processed in the refineries of Pertamina.
“So, the difference lies in their applications,” said Syarif during the Power Lunch, CNBC Indonesia, on Monday (20/07/2020).
He further said that basically both B100 and D100 are derived from processing palm oil. But in the case of B100, it is based on FAME, but D100 is produced in Pertamina’s refineries by using the refined, bleached and deodorized palm oil.
“FAME contains oxygen and has double holding capacity so that it still contains water, with capacity of 30 percent in car industry,” he said.
According to him, the D100 is more environmentally friendly and contains less oxygen so that it does not hold water. “D100 is more environmentally friendly as it causes less carbon emissions compared to B100 or FAME,” he added.
Previously, Pertamina President Director Nicke Widyawati said that Pertamina has an important role to play to ensure the national energy security as assigned by the government. To realize it, Pertamina has been continually trying to make innovations which bring positive impacts to all Indonesian people.
She said that it is in line with the direction of President Joko Widodo (Jokowi), who underlines the importance of producing biofuels (BBN) by harnessing domestic natural resources to strengthen the national energy self-sufficiency, security and sovereignty.
“Pertamina is grateful for the government’s support and all related parties in developing the green energy, such as B30, B50 and D100. Pertamina has accomplished preparations of the state-owned bio-refineries and catalyst, which will be then followed by an assessment of their economics,” said Nicke on the sidelines of her visit on Wednesday (15/07/2020) to the RBDPO processing facility in Dumai refinery, Riau province. (*)