Indonesia Leading in Biodiesel Production

JAKARTA – Indonesian people, especially the young generation, should be proud to know that Indonesia is the first country in the world that blends the diesel fuel with renewable energy source from palm oil at the percentage of 30%, which is called Biodiesel 30% or B30. Other countries like Argentina, Brazil, and the USA only produce it at the level of B10, B12, and B20 or a mixture of maximum 20%.

“Our blending of biodiesel has been up to 30% with the renewable energy source from palm oil. Other countries are only up to 20% blending at the maximum,” the Indonesian Biofuel Producers Association’s (Aprobi) Marketing Division Head Irma Rachmania told students, teachers and youngsters who participated in the Palm Oil Edu-Talk organized by the oil palm plantation fund management board (BPDPKS) in  Yogyakarta last week.

She said that this year Indonesia had managed to reduce its import of diesel fuel to almost zero as its production of biodiesel is already enough to meet the need for diesel fuel. “The B30 is a renewable energy source that is derived from the mixture of 70% diesel fuel and 30% fatty acid methyl esters (Fame) from palm oil,” she said.

According to her, in 2020 Indonesia managed to save foreign exchange at Rp63.4 trillion and reduce greenhouse gas emissions at 14.34 million tons of CO2.

“Indonesia’s biodiesel production in 2020 already exceeded 11.62 billion liters,” said Irma.

Irma noted that in Indonesia there are a number of plants that can be used as the raw materials for the biodiesel production. The plants include oil palm trees, coconut, castor plant, moringa, candlenut, and others. “But why we use mostly palm oil? It’s because we’re rich in palm oil as we’re the world’s largest producer of palm oil,” said Irma.

The B30 program can absorb more than one million workers in upstream sector and it can increase the income of oil palm growers. “By using biodiesel that is produced with the mixture of palm oil, we help increase the public welfare of oil palm smallholders,” said Irma.

She told the youngsters that the palm oil is not only used for food production, but also for production of energy. “We make our energy sources more friendly to the environment. We realize it by producing renewable energy sources by, among others, blending the diesel fuel with the FAME that is derived from palm oil. We as Indonesian people, especially the youngsters, should be proud that we’re now the world’s largest producer of biodiesel,” she said.

She pointed out that Indonesia will continue developing the biodiesel production. “We won’t stop at the B30 production. In the future Indonesia will develop B40, B50 and even D100,” she said.

According to her, the B30 production in 2021 is projected to reach around 9.2 million kiloliter or equivalent to 57.86 million barrels from 20 producers in Indonesia.

The B30 use in 2021 is estimated to reduce greenhouse gas emission at 24.6 million tons of CO2. It reached 7.8% of the target of renewable energy in 2030.

Irma said that currently the palm oil can be processed into green diesel 100% as a replacement of diesel fuel, green gasoline as a replacement of gasoline, bioavtur as a replacement of fossil avtur that had undergone flight test. “Besides, the palm biomass, such as its palm kernel shells, can be also used to generate power plants,” said Irma. (*)

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